Plomin, ancient Flanona, is a place of great stories and beautiful
landscape. This apparently sleepy town has a rich thousand-year-old history. The fortified town is situated above a blue-green
gulf and overlooks Kvarner. Founded back in prehistoric times, when the residents vigilantly observed and celebrated the forces
of Nature, it has still preserved a close connection with the rhythm of Nature. Even today there is a bellflower of Plomin
on its fort, a protected purple flower that enchants the whole area with its mystical color. Its stone buildings vividly evoke
the period of the reign of the god Silvan- the ancient protector of plants and animals, the Liburni pirates and their marine
adventures, the ancient Romans and their mighty edifices, church dignitaries and guardians of religion, the centuries-old
port and skilled seafarers, big battles in front of its door and the quietness which today it offers every visitor.
The rich history of the former centre and its important residents can be seen at every step, through the old Glagolitic
reliefs , the high walls which still resist any wind, the Renaissance and Baroque buildings that show all the splendor and
pride of the traders, craftsmen and important dignitaries of that period. The port of Plomin still has the splendor
of the Roman rulers, their constructions and the powerful images of that time in a variety of colorful mosaics. Plomin is
a traditional city after which Kvarner got its name of Sinus Flanaticus, putting the stamp on all times and the people to
come. It has a spirit of timelessness, combining history and a view on the sea, perfectly depicting the circle of life.
The history of Plomin dates far back into the past. Life
existed here in the 2nd century BC when a village was built on this site. Here lived the old Liburni, ancient navigators and
pirates. The arrival of the Romans brought a time of battles and a struggle for supremacy. The first written trace of
Old Plomin dates back to 100 years BC and was written by Artemidor from Ephesus. During the Roman Empire, Plomin became a
municipality. Life moved to the Plomin bay and because of the importance of Plomin, called Flanone, all ofKvarner was
named Sinus Flanaticus. It was also written that Pliny the Elder called its inhabitants Flanates and Flamonienses Vanienses.
Like the rest of Istria, the former residents under Roman influence accepted their beliefs, and from that period there remains
a relief of the pagan god Silvanus, the protector of flora and fauna, which today is the church of St. George.
After the fall of Rome, the Ostrogoths from the east came to Plomin, after which Plomin was ruled by Byzantium and then
by the Longobards. During the Middle Ages, for safety reasons, the residents moved once again to the place of prehistoric
ruins, today’s Plomin. After the arrival of the Franks in 788, feudalism was introduced and Istria was permanently inhabited
by Croats. From 1208 Plomin was ruled by the patriarchy of Aquileia until 1420 when it fell under the authority of the Venetian
Republic. In that period it became the most exposed Venecian fortress on the eastern coast of Istria and the place of numerous
battles. Plomin was brutally destroyed in 1599 by the Uskoci. After the fall of Venice in 1797, Plomin fell under French rule
and then under the Austrian. During the First World War this territory was under Italian occupation and during the Second
World War came the German soldiers. With the end of the war Plomin was annexed to Yugoslavia and finally in 1991 to the sovereign
Republic of Croatia.
The church of
St. George the Old - from the 11th century, with an antique relief of the pagan god Silvanus and valuable
Glagolitic inscription called the Plomin inscription. Along with the church a Romanesque bell tower is also preserved.
The parish church of the Blessed Virgin Mary - from the 15th century with a Gothic crucifix, stone Custody
with Glagolitic inscriptions, wooden statues of saints and an altar from the 17th century
Walls and fortifications
- built between the 13th and the 14th century and then between the 16th and 17th century
Old city -
boasts many buildings with preserved Renaissance and Baroque features, the main lodge and the idyllic streets
- this place offers a beautiful view of the bay and the islands so it is a must see for many visitors
Fishermen's Festival, Plomin Luka - folk festival with entertainment
and sports programs - 08.08.
Bela Nedjelja - folk festival with cultural and entertainment program -10.10.
Baći - a traditional religious holiday where the faithful pilgrimage to the church of St. Catherine - 25.11.